What is Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)?
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder affecting the adrenal glands which lie on the top of the kidneys. The adrenal glands do not function normally due to a mutation in the gene coding for the enzyme, adrenal steroid 21-hydroxylase. Due to this lack, the adrenal glands produce too little cortisol or aldosterone and too much androgen. CAH affects normal growth and development in children and some forms can even be life-threatening.
Currently there is no cure for CAH though people can lead a fairly normal life with available treatment.